Etymology Of “Religious”

Wednesday, May 23rd, 2012 by Gabriel Thy

RELIGIOUS c.1200, “state of life bound by monastic vows,” also “conduct indicating a belief in a divine power,” from Anglo-Fr. religiun (11c.), from O.Fr. religion “religious community,” from L. religionem (nom. religio) “respect for what is sacred, reverence for the gods,” in L.L. “monastic life” (5c.); according to Cicero, derived from relegare “go through again, read again,” from re- “again” + legere “read” (see lecture). However, popular etymology among the later ancients (and many modern writers) connects it with religare “to bind fast” (see rely), via notion of “place an obligation on,” or “bond between humans and gods.” Another possible origin is religiens “careful,” opposite of negligens. Meaning “particular system of faith” is recorded from c.1300.

“To hold, therefore, that there is no difference in matters of religion between forms that are unlike each other, and even contrary to each other, most clearly leads in the end to the rejection of all religion in both theory and practice. And this is the same thing as atheism, however it may differ from it in name.” [Pope Leo XIII, Immortale Dei, 1885]

Modern sense of “recognition of, obedience to, and worship of a higher, unseen power” is from 1535. Religious is first recorded c.1225. Transfered sense of “scrupulous, exact” is recorded from 1599.

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One Response to “Etymology Of “Religious””

  1. Why bother with the Nation of Islam? They are a by-product of the African Slave Trade and their desire to keep Jesus in their form of worship since Jesus was whipped into their souls and minds and bodies by the white slave master.

    Sunni and Shia are responsible for the errors of Nation of Islam since Sunni and Shia have failed to produce an honest translation of the Quran and have forced a false translation on the World with the fallacies of Jesus and Jews and Christians that corrupt the Meaning of the Quran.

    Ther are no Jews and no Jesus and no Christians in the Quran when correctly translated and no Arabic for Jews and Jesus and Christians in the Arabic of the Quran.

    Source:
    Quran

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